Sgt Joanico [/Juanico] [da Costa] Cesario Belo
Commander Tim Saka militia, Baucau
Tim Saka and Tim Alfa were established in the eastern combat sector (Sektor A) as far back as 1986 (another report says 1983) by a Kopassus officer named Capt Luhut Panjaitan (who later rose to Minister for Industry and Trade under President Abdurrahman Wahid), evidently acting under orders from then Col Prabowo Subianto. Leaked army documents show that both were a regular part of the Indonesian military for combat/ anti-guerrilla operations. Tim Saka's base was in Lai-Sorulai, in Quelicai sub-district below Mount Matebian. Joanico Belo moved from deputy commander into the top position after his superior was killed in 1994. At the end of 1998 it had about 300 members.
In advance of the August 1999 ballot, Tim Saka and TNI soldiers threatened locals with bloodshed if they refused to support East Timor as a part of Indonesia.
On 7 September 1999 he was the leader of a group of militia members and TNI soldiers who prevented local Unamet staff from leaving at the Baucau airport, saying he would let them go to Dili but not to Australia.
However, some reports suggest Tim Saka acted to moderate the influence in Baucau of the more radical Aitarak militia led by Eurico Guterres. This could be one reason why Baucau community leaders did not protest against Joanico Belo's overtures to return in March 2000. Indeed, apart from some intimidation, there are no reports of acts of violence against civilians by this individual or by the militia he led in 1999.
Disappointed at having been dumped by the Indonesian military after the ballot, and anxious to make overtures to Untaet for a return to East Timor, he revealed to foreign reporters in October 2000 that 200 of his men had been trained by Kopassus in Aileu and in the Kopassus base at Cijantung (West Java). A foreign observer in mid-1999 said Joanico Belo openly showed her his identity card as a Kopassus officer.
Joanico Belo came to Untaet-controlled East Timor for a secret one-day 'come and see' visit in March 2000.