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District commander
District command (Kodim) 1639
Ambeno (Oecussi)

LtCol (Inf) Bambang Sungesti

Military district commander (Komandan Kodim 1639) Ambeno/ Oecussi enclave, based in Pante Makassar/ Oecussi

The militia in Ambeno, Sakunar, led by Laurentino 'Moko' Soares, was headquartered in the military district command. It allegedly committed serious crimes against humanity in the period when this officer was in charge of security there. Bambang Sungesti took over from LtCol Kamiso Miran shortly before the ballot.[1]

One of the worst massacres of 1999 took place over three days 8-10 September near the village of Passabe. The Dili indictment over this massacre alleges that the massacre was planned at a meeting held at the office of the military district commander in Ambeno's district capital Pante Makassar on 7 September. The meeting was addressed by Sakunar commander Simao Lopes. Two soldiers under Bambang Sungesti's command were among 11 men indicted in a Dili court in October 2001 for crimes against humanity over the Passabe massacre of 10 September 1999 (see Laurentino 'Moko' Soares). They took leadership roles together with police officer Gabriel Kolo. Both remained at large. They were:[2]

  • Sgt Anton Sabraka, commander in Passabe sub-district (Komandan Koramil?), Sakunar militia member
  • Sgt Andre Ulan, based in Passabe village, trainer for Passabe militia

The same two men earlier also took part in arresting 43 CNRT members in Usapin village, Passabe sub-district, on 18 April 1999, and beating them there and at the Passabe police station.

Just before Interfet troops finally reached Oecussi on 22 October, TNI soldiers and Sakunar militiamen publicly executed six independence supporters before a large crowd of refugees in Taiboco village near Pantemakassar.

After the Indonesian withdrawal from East Timor, he assumed command in the military district of Manggarai, Flores.[3]

Extra Information

Current Status:
2 - Priority 2 for further investigation. Not included in any other formal list, but mentioned in other independent reports, bearing structural responsibility, but with minimal data so far for involvement in ET violence.

See map of location

This individual is also mentioned in these profiles:
Gabriel Kolo
Simao Lopes
LtCol Kamiso Miran
Laurentino ('Moko') Soares

[1] TNI Watch! 'Komisi Ham PBB daftar nama jenderal Indonesia' posted to SiaR News Service, 29 September 1999.

[2] Case 20/ 2001, Serious Crimes trial documents (

[3] 'Dandim Sikka, Manggarai, Alor and E. Flores transferred' (English translation), Pos Kupang,  11 April 2000.


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