Masters of Terror
Home | Map | Search
Browse list of major EVENTS
Suspects by NAME
Suspecs by STATUS
Suspects by RANK
Map of East Timor
Elite Forces

  Suspect outline
District commander
District command (Kodim) 1630

LtCol (Inf) Djoko Soekarsono

District military commander Viqueque (Komandan Kodim 1630)

Soldiers acting under Soekarsono's command worked closely with several militias in 1999 and were responsible for terrorising the population. Unamet chief executive Ian Martin believed that the military district's chief of intelligence (pasi intel), Lt Yusuf Tandi, played a central role in organising militia activity. Soekarsono’s chief of staff (kasdim) was Capt Gedion S.[1]

The most feared militia in Viqueque in 1999 was Makikit, commanded by Lafaek Saburai and Martinho Fernandes. Another, which also had a poor human rights record and also worked closely with Kodim personnel, was '59/75', also variously known as 'Naga Merah', 'Bebui', or 'Senior 59/ Junior 75'. It was also led by Martinho Fernandes, together with Raimundo Soares and Francelino Soares.[2]

One report describes Viqueque Kodim soldiers taking part with unnamed militias ('Ratih') in intimidating the Viqueque population by shooting and arbitrary arrests on 10 and 11 March 1999.[3] This may have been part of a bigger terror operation against the population in the interior (see Lafaek Saburai).

On 11 August 1999, two youths were killed in an attack by militias on pro-independence supporters in Viqueque town. Following subsequent Unamet complaints,[4] Djoko Soekarsono was replaced by LtCol Gustaf Hero. The latter made a good impression when he handed over the keys to the rice storage facility to townsfolk after the ballot.

A combat battalion in his district, Battalion 406 (under LtCol Sonny Widjaja), engaged in looting during its withdrawal after the ballot.

The Indonesian inquiry into atrocities in East Timor (KPP HAM) listed two soldiers under his command in Appendix 5 of its final report, among many other perpetrators of crimes against humanity:

  • Sgt Andreas
  • Pvt Magnes

Extra Information

Current Status:
1 - Priority 1 for further investigation. Not included in any other formal list, but mentioned in other independent reports, and supported by considerable data.

See map of location

This individual is also mentioned in these profiles:
Lafaek Saburai
LtCol Sukoso
LtCol Sonny Widjaja

[1] Don Greenlees and Robert Garran, Deliverance: The inside story of East Timor's fight for freedom, Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2002, p.184;

[2] 'Urgent Action Progress Report', East Timor Human Rights Centre, 19 August 1999; 'HAK: Laporan situasi Ham Timor Timur April 1999 (3)', MateBEAN, 25 May 1999; 'Mahidi bertanggung jawab terhadap penangkapan dua mahasiswa: Prointegrasi tangkap 18 pemuda', Media Indonesia, 19 April 1999.

[3] 'Tindakan Ratih dan pasukan ABRI di Viqueque', Fortilos, 11 March 1999.

[4] 'Briefing by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Mr. Ian Martin', Unamet, 19 August 1999.


Home | Copyright | About