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Battalion 406

LtCol (Inf) Sonny Widjaja

Commander, Battalion 406/ Candra Kusuma, based in Viqueque

Sonny Widjaja (serial no. 29466, military academy graduate of 1982) commanded an infantry battalion active in East Timor and has been mentioned in one report as being in need of investigation for human rights violations.[1] Battalion 406 comes from Purbalingga, Central Java, but was seconded to the East Timor territorial command and thus became a territorial combat battalion (BTT). The battalion was based at Viqueque, where the district commander was LtCol Djoko Soekarsono. This was part of Combat Sector A, under Col Sunarko and after June 1999 under Col Irwan Kusnadi. The battalion engaged in fighting with Falintil in April 1999.[2]

Battalion 406 was one of the last to leave East Timor late in September 1999.[3] On its way out, via the port of Laga near Baucau, troops including Battalion 406 reportedly engaged in 'widespread looting and property destruction by fire, as the TNI forces swept through Baucau and Lospalos.' Battalions 401 (commanded by LtCol Sukoso) and 621 (Maj Dedi Erimpi) were mentioned in the same report.[4]

Extra Information

Current Status:
2 - Priority 2 for further investigation. Not included in any other formal list, but mentioned in other independent reports, bearing structural responsibility, but with minimal data so far for involvement in ET violence.

See map of location

This individual is also mentioned in these profiles:
Maj Dedi Erimpi
Col Irwan Kusnadi
LtCol Djoko Soekarsono
LtCol Sukoso
Col Sunarko

[1] 'Prajurit Yonif 406/Ck digaji uang palsu', TNI Watch! 9 December 1999. This report also lists nine of his subordinate officers, ranging in rank from Captain to Lieutenant.

[2] 'Falintil kembali serang pos batalyon teritorial', Media Indonesia OnLine, 15 April 1999.

[3] 'TNI di Timtim: Tinggal Yon 700 dan tiga kompi pasukan elite', Kompas, 27 September 1999.

[4] East Timor Human Rights Centre, 'Urgent action (Ref: UA18/99)', 30 September 1999.


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