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Deputy sub-area commander
Sub-area command (Korem) 164
East Timor

Col (Inf) Mudjiono

Deputy military commander East Timor (Wadanrem 164) till May or June 1999

Mudjiono was second in command in East Timor (under Col Tono Suratman) while the pro-integration militias were being armed in January and  February 1999. Officially known as Wanra, he defended their use, telling the Far Eastern Economic Review that Abriís role was to protect the people. He admitted that 100 rifles were distributed to integrationists  in January to even the odds between them and the Fretilin (Falintil) guerrillas.[1]

Bishop Belo mentioned Mudjiono in March 1999 as having been responsible for discharging (pelepasan) a thousand civil guards ('kamra') while instructing them to carry on working in the field, where they would be helped by the Mahidi militia force. The latter were based in Ainaro and led by Cancio Lopes de Carvalho. In an interview, Belo pointed to this as evidence of the military's deception activities during the run-up to the ballot.[2]

Mudjiono was in the Liquica military district headquarters, accompanied by SGI intelligence commander LtCol Yayat Sudrajat,  at the time of the church massacre on 6 April 1999 (see LtCol Asep Kuswani). Liquica is a small town, and the attack went on for hours. Mudjiono had every opportunity to stop it, but did not.[3]

Afterwards he accused Ana Gomes, the diplomat representing Portuguese interests in Jakarta before full relations were restored, of sending a biassed report about East Timor to her government. She in turn wondered how he had access to secret diplomatic reports she sent to her government.[4]

After Mudjiono was replaced by Nanang Priadi as deputy commander in East Timor, he was posted to Lampung, southern Sumatra (Commander, Korem 043/ Garuda Hitam),[5] then to Flores (Kodim 1612/ Manggarai, based in Ruteng), until he was relieved again in April 2000. The latter district temporarily accommodated many ex-East Timor soldiers.

Extra Information

Implicated in Events:
Liquica - 6/04/1999 - Liquica church massacre

Current Status:
1 - Priority 1 for further investigation. Not included in any other formal list, but mentioned in other independent reports, and supported by considerable data.

See map of location

This individual is also mentioned in these profiles:
LtCol Asep Kuswani
Col Nanang Priadi
LtCol Yayat Sudrajat
Col Tono Suratman

[1] 'Up in arms', Far Eastern Economic Review, 18 February 1999:25.

[2] Record of interview between Bishop Belo and a team from the Komisi Nasional Anti-Kekerasan terhadap Perempuan, 11-19 March 1999 (manuscript) p.12

[3] 'Situasi Liquisa tegang, Serda Sofyan tertembak', MateBEAN, 7 April 1999.

[4] 'East Timor: Indonesian vice-commander accuses Ana Gomes of contributing to worsening public security situation', Lusa, 14 April 1999.

[5] 'Daerah sekilas', Kompas, 8 May 1999.


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