LtCol (Inf) Endar Priyanto [Priyatno]
District commander for Dili (Komandan Kodim 1627 Dili)
Endar Priyanto was military commander in Dili at the time of the mobilisation and arming of violent civilian paramilitaries in early 1999. The dominant group operating in that area was Aitarak (The Thorn, led by Eurico Guterres and his deputy Mateus de Carvalho). It was estimated to have 5000 members carrying more than 100 firearms. Together with many other top military officers he attended a rally in Dili on 17 April 1999 in which the militia leader urged his supporters to kill pro-independence supporters, and then did nothing to stop them murdering at least 12 people in an attack on the home of former parliamentarian Manuel Carrascalao.
His subordinates were as follows. Some are implicated in abuses:
- Capt (Inf) Salmun Manafe, chief of staff (kasdim 1627 Dili) - before moving to Dili some time in 1999 he was military sub-district commander in Baguia, Baucau.
- Capt Hartono, operations chief – implicated in attack on Belo’s house
Also sub-district military commanders in Dili district:
- Capt Bambang Sudarmanto (danramil 1627-01 Dili Timur) - replaced Capt (Inf) Totok Winarko some time in 1999
- Capt Toyib Anwari (danramil 1627-02 Dili Barat) - another report says he was intelligence officer in the Dili military district (Pasi Intel Kodim 1627).
- Lt Dibyo Subroto (danramil 1627-03 Atauro) – implicated in terrorising locals
- Lt I Dewa Ketut Kaler (danramil 1627-4 Metinaro) - replaced by Lt Untung some time in 1999; simultaneously in charge of intelligence (pasi intel) at the Dili district command
- Lt Untung (danramil 1627-4 Metinaro) – implicated in murder
Endar Priyanto was indicted with crimes against humanity before the Ad Hoc Human Rights Court in Indonesia on 24 June 2002 for failing to prevent the massacre at Carrascalao’s home. However, he was acquitted on 29 November 2002. The US State Department said it was ‘disappointed’ with the acquittals handed down at this time, and that prosecutors had ‘consistently failed to use the resources and evidence available to them from the UN and elsewhere in documenting the East Timor atrocities’.
Endar Priyanto (serial number 29353) belonged to the 1981 graduating class at military academy. He is a member of the Kopassus elite forces. He was appointed district commander for Dili on 27 November 1997. Previously he had been chief of staff for operations there. In July 1998 he was involved in an elaborate (but unsuccessful) deception to give over 100 foreign journalists the impression there were far fewer Indonesian troops in East Timor than proved to be the case.
Just before the 30 August ballot in 1999 he handed over command to LtCol Sujarwo.
(Indonesian) Attorney General's Department. Announced as suspects at various times (September 2000 - April 2001), some later dropped, some already sentenced.
Dunn. The report of James Dunn, consultant to the Untaet Prosecutor General Mr Mohamed Othman, April 2001.
See map of location
This individual is also mentioned in these profiles:
Lt Dibyo Subroto
Col Tono Suratman